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Learning programming: Which sources are the best

There are many benefits to learning programming. Moreover, nowadays, learning to program is very affordable. If you want to start a career as a programmer, learn how to develop websites, or just create your projects for fun, this article is for you. For those looking for a job or changing careers – programming can open doors, many of which are in high demand.

Even if you have no desire to work in development, learning a programming language can be very rewarding:

  • You’ll be able to manage websites;
  • You won’t have to depend on a third-party developer for your own projects;
  • You’ll be able to create applications, websites, and other projects on your own.

We have collected theoretical resources, books, courses, and websites for learning programming where you can learn to program for free or at an affordable price.

If you do not have time to study or require assistance while studying – you can get programming assignment help.

Programming courses

This type of learning programming is closest to traditional learning. Lectures, seminars, practice, communication with teachers, etc. It includes everything that a beginner programmer might need. Usually, training begins with the basics for people with no skills and ends with employment. The most comprehensive type of training, though often for a fee.


It is one of the most popular and highly demanded sites for learning anything. And one of the best sites for learning programming in particular. Coursera has gathered several hundred of the planet’s largest universities and IT corporations under one roof. 

The format of the training depends on which learning style the instructor chooses. This can be lectures, text materials, webinars, third-party sites for collaborative work on code, etc. The cost of training in Coursera varies, but the platform creators usually give discounts.


It’s one of the best online schools for those who have decided to take up programming. The experts at Hexlet focus on fundamental tutorials but modify them by combining several ways of gaining knowledge into one convenient semi-automated course. Hexlet contains over a hundred courses in various disciplines, including JavaScript, CSS, PHP, Python, SQL, Node.js, etc. Hexlet experts have also built a foundation of more than 2,200 hours of theoretical knowledge and nearly 900 exercises.

Students don’t just get theory and practice exercises as they go. They communicate with mentors and other trainees, complete practical projects that go into a portfolio, and receive a certificate confirming their qualifications at the end of the course.


edX is a massive open-source platform for higher education. The network currently has over 5 million students.

The site is broken down into several different categories that are not limited to programming. Since you’re here to learn how to program, you need the Computer Science category.

Here you’ll find tutorials on languages and other necessary skills, such as:

  • HTML and CSS
  • Java
  • jQuery
  • C++
  • C#
  • Python
  • SQL
  • Mobile application development

Most courses are paid, but there are enough free tutorials to learn the basics of programming.

Khan Academy

Khan Academy is an extensive online learning platform. It’s a great place to enrich your programming knowledge and skills. You will find courses and tutorials that teach both the basics of computer programming and the development of complex applications.

Experts teach all courses. However, students are encouraged to share what they’ve learned throughout the process. With Khan Academy, you can learn such technologies and programming languages:

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • Javascript
  • Databases

Basic courses also teach the philosophy and skills that underlie programming in general.

Books and theoretical resources

The best way to learn to program is to do it all the time. But to start, you need some theoretical knowledge. You can get it free of charge from the network. And in an exhaustive form, without the need to refer to workshops, interactive courses, etc. Here are some popular sources of theoretical information.

Learn Javascript

The handbook of every JavaScript developer. A collection of basic object-oriented programming concepts, from the fundamental to the minor but still important. LearnJavascript allows you to learn how to develop from scratch and, by the end of the reading, allows you to create your own multi-page sites.

However, you’ll have to draw knowledge of HTML and CSS from somewhere in parallel or seriously study some independent frameworks like ReactJS, Angular, Svelte, or SolidJS.

The tutorial has hands-on exercises, some with automated tests, but the student is expected to practice independently.


It is almost the same as LearnJavascript but for the C++ language. Code-Live is not as handy as its JS counterpart, but it is ideal for a basic introduction to programming and the basics of C++.

There is a lot of important theory in this manual, giving you a basic understanding of how programming languages work in general. At the same time, plenty of code examples give you a chance to try C++ out and get hands-on skills.

Apple Books

This is certainly a good resource for learning programming languages used by Apple. A great option for those who plan to use Xcode, Objective-C, and Swift to create macOS and iOS apps in their “native” language.

Learn to Code textbooks in the Apple Books collection contain theoretical knowledge and hundreds of exercises to practice your skills. All learning is self-paced. You only need a development environment, i.e., the Xcode app.


It is the best knowledge base for web developers. It was created and is maintained by the company Mozilla. It has all the information about web development. You can use it as a reference in the early stages of web development or as a tutorial for JavaScript methods or HTML tags.

MDN is somewhat similar to LearnJavaScript, but it contains only technical information without further explanation. Therefore, this method of self-education may seem too complicated, especially in the early stages.


GitHowTo is a great step-by-step guide to working with the Git data management system.

Git is integral to what programmers do because it allows them to create multiple versions of the same project, incrementally make changes to the finished product, and discuss any changes with other team members.

Project file management is done through the command line, so it’s worth taking a full training course before you start understanding all the intricacies. GitHowTo is the perfect way to handle this task.

Automated systems of programming lessons

Not everybody finds lessons in the format of webinars or constant interaction with teachers or other students suitable. Sometimes you just want something to start with, to learn the basics of programming without the “load” in the form of outside observers. If you don’t like having someone standing over you, it’s better to use an automated learning system. These are pre-prepared courses with a specific list of tasks, tests, review mechanisms, etc.

HTML Academy

It is the first candidate for the title of the best website to learn to program. The HTML Academy site is known for its full-scale courses on frameworks.

The HTML Academy teaches only one direction – the front end. The developers decided to specialize only in it so as not to disperse themselves and give users really important skills in a particular profession.

During the training, students can get acquainted with semantic HTML coding, the basic functionality of CSS, the principle of LESS and SASS preprocessors, JavaScript algorithms, and the structure of the Document Object Model. This knowledge is enough to start creating simple one-page web pages with basic logic (switches, forms, animations).

By the way, you will be taught by a cat, which makes the HTML Academy an even more attractive service.


According to millions of students around the world, SoloLearn is the best site to learn to program. It’s a pretty old platform that teaches people disciplines like Python, C++, Java, C#, PHP, React + Redux, Angular, Kotlin, jQuery, etc.

SoloLearn has over 42 million users. They take 2,183 lessons and solve 15,666 available problems. The training is web-based, and all exercises are available at any time. There is no set schedule, so you can set your own.


Another popular semi-automated learning system. The strict division of lessons into small categories sets it apart from its competitors. They are called “pathways.” Each “pathway” includes a small list of skills required for specific tasks.

At TreeHouse, current knowledge and the most up-to-date aspects of programming languages are always available. You can interact with other students during the course, just as you would in a full-fledged course. The service itself provides free self-study resources from time to time.

TreeHouse graduates get jobs at Nike, Adobe, Airbnb, and other popular companies after training.

Hopefully, with the help of this article, you’ll choose the most appropriate way to learn, get started, and succeed in your chosen field.

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