Space Missions

ISRO’s ChaSTE Payload Reveals Extreme Temperatures at the Lunar South Pole

ISRO’s ChaSTE Payload Reveals Extreme Temperatures at the Lunar South Pole. Recently, ISRO announced a ground-breaking lunar surface find. On August 27, 2023, ISRO shared an intriguing temperature variation graph acquired by the ChaSTE payload, a remarkable instrument nestled aboard Chandrayaan-3’s Vikram lander module.

The Chandra Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) is a cutting-edge temperature probe with a surprising skill. It is not your typical device. This probe can expertly dig up to 10 cm into the lunar surface, providing a rare look at the thermal dynamics of the Moon. Its primary mission? To chart the temperature profile of the lunar topsoil in the vicinity of the Moon’s enigmatic south pole.

The temperature graph disclosed by ISRO has unveiled a lunar world of extremes. At the lunar south pole, temperatures can swing dramatically, ranging from a chilly -10 degrees Celsius to a scorching 60 degrees Celsius. These fluctuations depend on the time of day and the lunar season. The fact that temperature fluctuates with depth, with deeper depths exhibiting more stable thermal conditions, is even more remarkable.

This discovery is more than just data on a graph. It represents a monumental milestone ā€“ the very first measurement of the temperature profile at the lunar south pole. Our knowledge of the thermal behaviors of the Moon has advanced significantly.

The Space Physics Laboratory (SPL) at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) and the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad teamed up to make the ChaSTE payload. It’s like a star player on a team of 13 payloads in the Chandrayaan-3 mission. Teamwork in action!

Moon has secrets and we want to learn them. Chandrayaan-3 is like a super explorer going to the Moon. It carries 13 tools to study Moon. Chandrayaan-3 follows two other missions, like it’s part of a Moon mission family. Chandrayaan-3 has 13 tools with it, and they all help us learn about the Moon.

In the future, ISRO has big plans for the Moon. Chandrayaan-4, a fourth lunar mission, is in the pipeline, promising even more lunar revelations.

Discovering More about Moon:

  • ChaSTE explores Moon, and it’s a big deal.
  • It’s the first time we’ve checked how hot or cold the Moon’s south pole is.
  • ChaSTE has a special tool that digs 10 cm under the Moon’s surface and has ten tiny temperature sensors.
  • The Moon’s south pole can be super cold, -10 degrees Celsius, or really hot, 60 degrees Celsius.
  • These temperatures help us learn about Moon’s surface and its history.
  • Scientists are still studying ChaSTE’s data, and there’s more to discover.
  • ISRO’s lunar discovery with ChaSTE is like finding a key to unlock more Moon secrets.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) – ChaSTE Lunar Discovery

Q1: What is ChaSTE, and what did it discover on the lunar surface?

A: ChaSTE (Chandra Surface Thermophysical Experiment) is a cutting-edge temperature probe on board Chandrayaan-3’s Vikram lander module. It discovered and measured the temperature profile at the lunar south pole, revealing temperature extremes ranging from -10 degrees Celsius to 60 degrees Celsius.

Q2: Why is the temperature profile at the lunar south pole significant?

A: This discovery represents the very first measurement of the temperature profile at the lunar south pole. It provides crucial insights into how the Moon’s surface behaves thermally, enhancing our understanding of lunar processes.

Q3: How does ChaSTE work, and what makes it unique?

A: ChaSTE can dig up to 10 cm into the lunar surface and is equipped with ten temperature sensors. This setup allows it to measure temperature variations at different depths, providing valuable data on the Moon’s thermal behavior.

Q4: Why is studying temperature fluctuations on the Moon important?

A: Temperature variations help scientists understand how the Moon’s surface heats up and cools down. This data also reveals insights into lunar geology and its historical evolution.

Q5: Who developed the ChaSTE payload, and what is its significance in the Chandrayaan-3 mission?

A: The Space Physics Laboratory (SPL) at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) and the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad collaborated to create the ChaSTE payload. It is one of 13 payloads on the Chandrayaan-3 mission, contributing to our comprehensive lunar exploration.

Q6: How does Chandrayaan-3 fit into ISRO’s lunar exploration plans?

A: Chandrayaan-3 follows two previous lunar missions, and it’s part of ISRO’s ongoing commitment to uncovering the Moon’s mysteries. ISRO is already planning Chandrayaan-4, promising even more lunar revelations in the future.

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